As I’ve studied Communism, the numerous splits and factions that occurred within it grew ever more confusing to me. There are so many variants, that I decided to identify as many as I could and summarize them in a clear way. I narrowed my scope only to any faction relevant to Russia and the Soviet Union. It was tempting to delve into groups that formed in Europe or Asia, but the list simply became too unwieldy. Some factions, frankly, barely existed and were mere figments of Stalin’s imagination. Still, there are enough points of view that live in the spectrum of Communism to make them worthy of review. As always, one man’s ideology was another man’s deviation. People lived and died in defense of these ideals. To understand them helps students like me keep track of how the perpetual political machinations in Communist history took place. It also makes one see the full span of thought in man’s mind and soul.
This list is a work in progress, so please bear with me as I educate myself and turn those lessons into print. I will include key dates and figures, as necessary, along with any context that I view as worthy of further explanation. Also, many of these factions existed outside of Russia. However, I will usually omit them for the sake of brevity. In cases where non-Russians play a key role in the formulation of these ideas, I will include them and connect them to how they ultimately impacted Russia specifically. I will also provide footnotes and links to additional reading, as needed. Enjoy.